Studies in Modelling and Decision Support
Elgar original reference
Edited by M. A. Quaddus and M. A.B. Siddique
By the time this book went to press the Johannesburg world summit on sustainable development had ended. The main objective of this summit was to reﬂect on Agenda 21 of the Rio summit ten years ago. The theme of the Johannesburg summit was ‘people, planet, prosperity’ and thus focused on social development, poverty eradication and environmental conservation. While sustainable development has been deﬁned in many different ways, these three major concerns capture the essence of it. On the other hand, sustainable development planning deals with developing plans and supporting decisionmaking activities to achieve social development, poverty eradication and environmental conservation. The role of decision-making in sustainable development is also highlighted in Agenda 21. This document lists 38 issues of sustainable development (http:// www.un.org/esa/sustdev/issueslist.htm – accessed on 18 November 2002), two of which relate to decision-making. These are ‘Integrated decision-making’ and ‘Information for decision-making and participation’. It is necessary to integrate issues of ‘environment and development at the centre of economic and political decision-making’. However, at the core of the decision-making process is the need for quality information. Information must be collected and disseminated appropriately. One of the most important sources of information is the outcome of the application of model-based decision support systems in sustainable development planning. Modelling brings objectivity to any planning process and supports the corresponding decision-making activities by providing speciﬁc and appropriate information. Thus the primary aim of this book is to disseminate the roles and applications of model-based decision support systems (DSS) in...