Table of Contents

Handbook of Research on International Entrepreneurship

Handbook of Research on International Entrepreneurship

Elgar original reference

Edited by Léo-Paul Dana

This unique reference book provides an array of diverse perspectives on international entrepreneurship, a new and emerging field of research that blends concepts and methodologies from more traditional social sciences. The Handbook includes chapters written by top researchers of economics and sociology, as well as academic leaders in the fields of entrepreneurship and international business. State-of-the-art contributions provide up-to-date literature reviews, making this book essential for the researcher of entrepreneurship and the internationalisation of entrepreneurs.

Preface

Léo-Paul Dana

Subjects: business and management, entrepreneurship

Extract

Not long ago, international business was predominantly the domain of large firms, with smaller firms tending to remain local or regional; internationalization was an expansion option of interest to some enterprises, but seldom was it a competitive necessity. Many owner–managers opted to avoid the uncertainties of competing in foreign markets, and simply kept their firms small and local. Traditional internationalization theories, therefore, focused mainly on large multinational corporations, and were less pertinent to entrepreneurs and their smaller firms. Large multinational corporations were the primary unit of interest in international business studies, and international business journals rightly focused on research about multinational corporations. Meanwhile, other journals focused on entrepreneurs and their relatively small enterprises. Entrepreneurship studies tended to examine decision makers in one environment – a domestic setting for mainstream entrepreneurs or a host society for immigrants; entrepreneurial behaviour was often explained as a function of the entrepreneur’s personality, rather than as a function of the environment. Nowadays, technology facilitates internationalization. International business includes the activities of smaller-scale entrepreneurs, and this is not limited to exporting. While there are opportunities for entrepreneurs who internationalize, serious threats face those who ignore the international arena: with the liberalization of trade and improved telecommunications, international competitors threaten domestic firms in formerly protected markets. Globalization is thus transforming the competitive environment of small and large players alike. As a result, internationalization issues will continue to be increasingly important to business. There is a growing need to understand internationalization in the context of entrepreneurship, as well...