A Multidisciplinary Review of the Study of Innovation Systems
New Horizons in the Economics of Innovation series
Edited by Steven Casper and Frans van Waarden
Chapter 4: Organizations and innovation: contributions from organnizational sociology and administrative science
4. Organizations and innovation: contributions from organizational sociology and administrative science Jerald Hage 1 THE DEFINITION OF ORGANIZATIONAL INNOVATION AND STYLES OF RESEARCH Organizational innovation has been consistently defined as the adoption of an idea or behaviour that is new to the organization (Damanpour 1988, 1991; Daft and Becker 1978; Hage 1980; Hage and Aiken 1970; Zaltman et al. 1973; Zammuto and O’Connor 1992). The innovation can either be a new product, service, technology, administrative practice or research finding. The literature usually focuses on rates of innovation and not single innovations except in the instance of diffusion studies (for example Collins et al. 1987; Ettlie et al. 1984; Walton 1987) where the speed of adoption is the analytical focus. The importance of studies of innovation rates rather than a case study of a single innovation must be stressed. In his meta-analysis, Damanpour (1991) found that the greater the number of innovations considered in the research study, the more consistent the findings. Although the definition has remained consistent, the specific kinds of innovation examined have shifted across time as have the kinds of problems that have interested people. In the sixties and seventies the emphasis was on incremental change in public sector organizations (Allen and Cohen 1969; Daft and Becker 1978; Hage and Aiken 1967; Kaluzny et al. 1972; Moch 1976) while in the eighties and nineties it has been on radical change in private sector organizations (Collins et al. 1987; Cohn and Turyn 1980; Ettlie et al. 1984; Gerwin 1988;...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.