Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness

Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness

New Data on the Use of Patents by Universities, Small Firms and Individual Inventors

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

This highly original book represents a major advance in the use of patents to compare countries’ technological competitiveness. It tabulates and analyses 280,000 United States patents from countries across the world over a ten year period. Specifically, these patents were granted to ‘not-for-profit’ entities (mainly universities and research institutes), firms with no more than 500 employees, or to individual inventors. For each of these groups, the book provides statistics and discussion on how long patents are kept in force, the extent to which they are cited, and how far inventions made in different countries are in fact owned in the United States.

Japan

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

Subjects: economics and finance, economics of innovation, intellectual property, innovation and technology, economics of innovation, intellectual property

Extract

Table JP.1 Small Entity patent counts by year, 1994 to 2003 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 10 yrs Individual 250 267 262 253 345 312 377 318 292 273 2,949 Small Firm 702 721 816 805 1,034 1,087 1,041 1,129 947 960 9,242 Nonprofit 18 19 36 28 37 26 58 53 94 87 456 Total 970 1,007 1,114 1,086 1,416 1,425 1,476 1,500 1,333 1,320 12,647 Figure JP.1 SE counts, % change on 1994 with % change year on year 60.00% 45.00% 30.00% 15.00% 0.00% -15.00% 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 % change from 1994 % change yr on yr 144 Japan 145 Table JP.2 Cited Small Entity patents, 1994 to 2002 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Cited>=1 837 854 879 812 993 850 660 333 37 % >=1 86.3% 84.8% 78.9% 74.8% 70.1% 59.6% 44.7% 22.2% 2.8% Cited >= 3 570 528 504 416 434 284 133 28 0 % >= 3 58.8% 52.4% 45.2% 38.3% 30.6% 19.9% 9.0% 1.9% 0.0% Total 970 1,007 1,114 1,086 1,416 1,425 1,476 1,500 1,333 Table JP.3 Distribution of SE patents by Technology Class, 1994 to 2003 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 Chem. 208 249 270 278 335 352 360 381 347 318 % Chem. 21.4%...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information