Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness

Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness

New Data on the Use of Patents by Universities, Small Firms and Individual Inventors

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

This highly original book represents a major advance in the use of patents to compare countries’ technological competitiveness. It tabulates and analyses 280,000 United States patents from countries across the world over a ten year period. Specifically, these patents were granted to ‘not-for-profit’ entities (mainly universities and research institutes), firms with no more than 500 employees, or to individual inventors. For each of these groups, the book provides statistics and discussion on how long patents are kept in force, the extent to which they are cited, and how far inventions made in different countries are in fact owned in the United States.

Taiwan

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

Subjects: economics and finance, economics of innovation, intellectual property, innovation and technology, economics of innovation, intellectual property

Extract

Table TW.1 Small Entity patent counts by year, 1994 to 2003 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 10 yrs Individual 982 990 1,135 1,112 1,537 1,585 1,737 1,822 1,692 1,594 14,186 Small Firm 165 173 214 225 342 458 551 740 830 894 4,592 Nonprofit 73 34 15 16 39 36 40 46 40 42 381 Total 1,220 1,197 1,364 1,353 1,918 2,079 2,328 2,608 2,562 2,530 19,159 Figure TW.1 SE counts, % change on 1994 with % change year on year 120.00% 100.00% 80.00% 60.00% 40.00% 20.00% 0.00% -20.00% 94 95 96 97 98 99 00 01 02 03 % change from 1994 % change yr on yr 170 Taiwan 171 Table TW.2 Cited Small Entity patents, 1994 to 2002 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 Cited>=1 1,042 1,031 1,168 1,078 1,450 1,350 1,203 856 137 % >=1 85.4% 86.1% 85.6% 79.7% 75.6% 64.9% 51.7% 32.8% 5.3% Cited >= 3 718 696 726 645 766 546 351 124 4 % >= 3 58.9% 58.1% 53.2% 47.7% 39.9% 26.3% 15.1% 4.8% 0.2% Total 1,220 1,197 1,364 1,353 1,918 2,079 2,328 2,608 2,562 Table TW.3 Distribution of SE patents by Technology Class, 1994 to 2003 Year 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002...

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