Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness

Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness

New Data on the Use of Patents by Universities, Small Firms and Individual Inventors

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

This highly original book represents a major advance in the use of patents to compare countries’ technological competitiveness. It tabulates and analyses 280,000 United States patents from countries across the world over a ten year period. Specifically, these patents were granted to ‘not-for-profit’ entities (mainly universities and research institutes), firms with no more than 500 employees, or to individual inventors. For each of these groups, the book provides statistics and discussion on how long patents are kept in force, the extent to which they are cited, and how far inventions made in different countries are in fact owned in the United States.

Appendix B: A list of the major Class numbers with the corresonding Technology Class groups

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

Subjects: economics and finance, economics of innovation, intellectual property, innovation and technology, economics of innovation, intellectual property

Extract

Appendix B: A list of the major Class numbers with the corresponding Technology Class groups Class groups as defined by USPTO Patent Technology Monitoring Division Class 1 2 4 5 7 8 12 14 15 16 19 23 24 26 27 28 29 30 33 34 36 37 38 40 Class Group Missing Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Chemical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Chemical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Class 42 43 44 47 48 49 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 59 60 62 63 65 66 68 69 70 71 72 Class Group Mechanical Mechanical Chemical Mechanical Chemical Mechanical Chemical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Chemical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Chemical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Chemical Mechanical 181 182 Class 73 74 75 76 79 81 82 83 84 86 87 89 91 92 95 96 99 100 101 102 104 105 106 108 109 110 111 112 114 116 117 118 119 Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness Class Group Mechanical Mechanical Chemical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Chemical Chemical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Chemical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Chemical Mechanical Mechanical Class 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 131 132 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 144 147 148 149 150 152 156 157 159 160 162 163 164 166 168 Class Group Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Mechanical Chemical Mechanical Mechanical...

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