Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness

Patents and the Measurement of International Competitiveness

New Data on the Use of Patents by Universities, Small Firms and Individual Inventors

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

This highly original book represents a major advance in the use of patents to compare countries’ technological competitiveness. It tabulates and analyses 280,000 United States patents from countries across the world over a ten year period. Specifically, these patents were granted to ‘not-for-profit’ entities (mainly universities and research institutes), firms with no more than 500 employees, or to individual inventors. For each of these groups, the book provides statistics and discussion on how long patents are kept in force, the extent to which they are cited, and how far inventions made in different countries are in fact owned in the United States.

Appendix C: A random sample taken from Chemical classes, 1994 to 2003

William Kingston and Kevin Scally

Subjects: economics and finance, economics of innovation, intellectual property, innovation and technology, economics of innovation, intellectual property


Appendix C: A random sample taken from the Chemical classes, 1994 to 2003 Patent No. 5277766 5288550 5312647 5314567 5340662 5342461 5362731 5371006 5384263 5399197 5403405 5429645 5434170 5437982 5439570 5449520 5449795 5472881 5518849 5545744 Title Separation of n-heptane from vinyl acetate by extractive dist. Production method of non-fitting type capsule Method and apparatus of vacuum deposition Modular apparatus for preparing articles to be mailed Emergency battery system with an infinite shelf life High speed continuous conveyor printer/applicator Use of piribedil derivatives and analogs for the treatment of hyperactive or unstable bladders Isolated DNA encoding the NotI restriction endonuclease Method to produce immunodiagnostic reagents Bismuth phosphovanadate and/or bismuth silicovanadate based yellow pigments and processes Spectral control for thermophotovoltaic generators Solid fuel and process for combustion of the solid fuel Method for treating neurocognitive disorders Methods of identifying specific inactivation gate inhibitors of the sodium channel Water soluble texaphyrin metal complexes for singlet oxygen production Pharmaceutical composition for rectal administration of active principles exhibiting a prevalently topical medication action at the colon level Process for synthesis of steroidal allylic tert. alcohols Thiol labeling of DNA for attachment to gold surfaces Ferrite carrier for electrophotographic developer and developer using said carrier Cyano naphthalene compounds 188 Appendix C: A random sample from the Chemical classes, 1994 to 2003 Patent No. 5569345 5571399 5610072 5635265 5643450 5665779 5683586 5684149 5690861 5698763 5716594 5723332 5728422 5728483 5741697 5756048 5756282 5773077 5834185 Title Flexible iron-on patch for soft clothing Electrostatic fluid filter and...

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