Towards Better Decision-Making
The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei series on Economics, the Environment and Sustainable Development
Edited by Pietro Caratti, Holger Dalkmann and Rodrigo Jiliberto
In the second half of the 1990s, the scientific SEA debate was acknowledged to have significantly failed to address the role of Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) in decision-making processes (Kørnøv and Thissen 2000). Policies, plans and programmes are based on political decisions, and an efficient SEA must therefore refer to the specific logic of decision making. This book introduces the Analytical Strategic Environmental Assessment (ANSEA) approach, taking a step in this direction. It collects the results of a two-year project financed under the Fifth Framework Research Programme of the European Union. The ANSEA project develops an approach to environmental assessment based on decision-making sciences to ensure the integration of the environmental dimension into decision-making processes. The project aims at providing a top-down deductive approach to environmental assessment of policies, plans and programmes in order to integrate environmental protection objectives and measures systematically into strategic decision making. For this purpose, the ANSEA project covers a broad set of issues related to several disciplines such as decision theory, policy analysis and environmental assessment. The approach developed is designed to be applied to a broad spectrum of planning instruments that range from local to national scale in different sectors (from agriculture to telecommunications). It therefore results in a broader and more abstract assessment methodology. The key point of Analytical Strategic Environmental Assessment is the shift from an analysis of the environmental consequences of a decision to an analysis of the decision-making process. The focus is on the priorities, issues and values...