The New Russian Business Leaders

The New Russian Business Leaders

New Horizons in Leadership Studies series

Manfred F.R. Kets de Vries, Stanislav V. Shekshnia, Konstantin Korotov and Elisabeth Florent-Treacy

Based on extensive interviews with the pioneers of Russian business and the authors’ own experiences, this perceptive new book attempts to decipher the enigma of Russia’s new generation of business leaders. The authors present six in-depth case studies focusing on companies of vastly differing sizes, ranging from a newly-privatized operation, and the creation and organization of an oligarch’s empire, to several entrepreneurial start-ups in different service industries. The case studies document the changes and developments that have occurred in Russia since the privatization era of the 1990s, highlighting the strengths and weaknesses of the emerging business leadership orientations.

Chapter 5: Mikhail Khodorkovsky Commentary: Mikhail Khodorkovsky and Yukos

Manfred F.R. Kets de Vries, Stanislav V. Shekshnia, Konstantin Korotov and Elisabeth Florent-Treacy

Subjects: business and management, business leadership


5. Mikhail Khodorkovsky: chelovek c rublyom (man with a ruble) Throughout 2003, the trials and tribulations of Mikhail Khodorkovsky, Russia’s richest man and the former CEO of Yukos, the second-largest Russian oil producer, captured the attention of the media, business community, politicians, and researchers and educators in Russia and abroad. His own actions, and the actions that were taken against him, provoked waves of speculation about the future of the global energy industry and Russia’s political and economic prospects. Early in 2003, it looked as if Khodorkovsky’s personal and professional life were going according to plan. He announced his intention to step down in 2007 as CEO of Yukos, a company with a market capitalization of $26 billion. The treadmill of work was getting to him – in 2003 he worked up to ten hours a day, six days a week – and he said that he didn’t want to be working so hard after the age of 45 (a milestone he will reach in 2008). Khodorkovsky’s disclosure of his retirement plans was the first announcement of that sort made by an oligarch in the history of the new Russian capitalism, and it sparked strong rumors (which he denied) about his ambitions to succeed President Putin when the latter’s second term expires in 2008. Then, on 22 April 2003, came a second announcement, when a smiling Khodorkovsky and Evgeny Shvidler, CEO of Sibneft, Russia’s fifth-largest oil company, revealed an agreement to merge their companies into a giant oil producer with an estimated...

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