New Horizons in Management series
Edited by Alexander-Stamatios G. Antoniou and Cary L. Cooper
For slaves, there is no leisure, (Aristotle, Politics, 1334a 21) The rapid change in the economy and technology along with the strong competition worldwide has changed the way that we perceive the world and, consequently our life style. Working hours are becoming longer and technological changes taking place every day demand high levels of adaptability and ﬂexibility. Jobs are no longer for life and the modern family has been transformed from a one to a two-earner structure, creating a situation where individuals are expected to balance work and home commitments. The question which arises at this point is: who shall survive this process? One could answer it is the ‘ﬁttest’ employee who has the ability to adjust adequately to these rapid changes and can remain undistracted from external factors. Furthermore such a person manages to avoid the experience or to cope with the negative eﬀects of stress. Organizational health psychology has its share in contributing to the understanding of healthy behaviours within working environments and identifying parameters that can be the cause of health problems. For example, stress in the workplace can contribute to individual and organizational skill eﬀectiveness but it is also an aspect which, in most cases, leads to undesirable eﬀects. In general, organizational stress is by deﬁnition an unpleasant state of being that aﬀects employees’ creativity and work pleasure, while its results on physical and psychological well-being are evident. The undesirable eﬀects of job-related stress occur when this acts as a...