New Horizons in Management series
Edited by Alexander-Stamatios G. Antoniou and Cary L. Cooper
Chapter 5: The Relationship Between Ethnicity and Work Stress
Grace V.F. Miller and Cheryl J. Travers The present research has identiﬁed one area which clearly requires further study, namely investigation of occupational stress in diﬀerent ethnic groups. It has categorized the most prevalent type of reported occupational stress and this can be labelled ‘social group II’ stress. This is clearly very diﬀerent from the social gradient health eﬀects that have been widely studied and it requires further investigation. (Smith et al., 2000 p. 60) Introduction Cooper et al. (1988) suggest that workload, the position within the organization, the relationships that are formed, career progression, the structure of the organization and the atmosphere within that structure can be major sources of stress. Others have identiﬁed a relationship with work stress and demographic variables such as age, gender and position (Travers and Cooper, 1996, 1998; Travers, 2001). However no studies to date have found a signiﬁcant link between stress and ethnicity or have explored the possible eﬀects of ethnicity on stress. Until recently studies have either identiﬁed a gap in the ethnicity research upon analysis of the data from their stress surveys (Smith et al., 2000), or have focused primarily upon the overall experiences of minority ethnic women managers (Davidson, 1997). This chapter argues that individual ethnic identity may be just as important or more important in determining the amount of stress an individual may suﬀer at work. Ethnicity as a demographic variable may seem like any other demographic variable as a...
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