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Edited by Léo-Paul Dana and Robert B. Anderson
Chapter 29: A Theory-based Empirical Study of Entrepreneurship in Iqaluit, Nunavut (Formerly Frobisher Bay, Northwest Territories)
Léo-Paul Dana, Teresa E. Dana and Robert B. Anderson Introduction This chapter will present the ﬁndings of an exploratory study suggesting that service ﬁrms in Iqaluit are often launched by former employees of larger ﬁrms who become entrepreneurs; these entrepreneurs are usually mainstream English–Canadians or French– Canadians, and growth is often important for them. In contrast, indigenous Inuit1 often identify more with the land and with sharing its resources, than with Western-style mainstream entrepreneurship; their activities are often forms of informal and subsistence selfemployment, such as ﬁshing (see Figure 29.1), and hunting caribou, polar bears and seals for food and for pelts (see Figure 29.2). Entrepreneurship among the Inuit is diﬀerent in form and substance from the commonly accepted model, and one size does not ﬁt all. The context of our research In the words of McCall, ‘There are many more nations in the world than there are states for them’ (1980, pp. 538–9). Among these are the Inuit of northern Canada, whose homeland is Nunavut, Canada’s third territory, created as the result of the largest land-claims agreement in Canadian history. Named after Sir Martin Frobisher, and known until 1 January 1987 as Frobisher Bay, Iqaluit is the main town on Baﬃn Island, and the capital city of Nunavut. The name ‘Iqaluit’ means ‘place of ﬁsh’, in Inuktitut, the language used by Inuit people of the region – descendants of the Thule. The Inuktitut language is widely used in the region (see Figure 29.3). The purpose...
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