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Edited by Léo-Paul Dana and Robert B. Anderson
Chapter 39: Different Strokes for Different Folks: Stimulating Entreperenurship in Regional Communities
39 Diﬀerent strokes for diﬀerent folks: stimulating entrepreneurship in regional communities Tim Mazzarol Introduction This study examines the perceptions of diﬀerent communities toward a set of triggers and barriers to the creation of a new business venture. Drawing on a sample of 253 respondents, the perceptions of six diﬀerent sub-populations were examined, including those who had already launched a business venture (owner–managers) and those who had not (nascent entrepreneurs); persons located in urban and rural areas; and indigenous and non-indigenous communities. Findings suggest signiﬁcant diﬀerences exist between these communities in how they perceive the importance of various triggers and barriers. These ﬁndings are discussed in the context of regional economic development with recommendations for future policy by government and non-government agencies seeking to generate more new venture start-ups Entrepreneurship in regional communities Uneven distribution of wealth and opportunity is a problem facing governments throughout the world, with economic and social divisions emerging within countries as human and ﬁnancial capital ﬂow unevenly from one region to the next. Sustainable economic development within regional economies requires growth in both employment and per capita incomes.1 However, for many regional economies, the decline of traditional industries leads to steady erosion in the employment base and a commensurate fall in per capita incomes. Where the establishment of a few large employing ﬁrms or government-owned enterprises could not secure such employment and income growth, the only alternative is self-employment or entrepreneurship in the form of new venture creation.2 Research...
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