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Edited by Léo-Paul Dana and Robert B. Anderson
Chapter 46: Indigenous Land Claims, Economic Development and Entrepreneurship: Comparing Australia and New Zealand with Canada
Dianna Wilkins Introduction This chapter addresses the practical applicability of theoretical approaches to economic and entrepreneurial development, in the context of indigenous land claims. It makes a comparison between the New Zealand situation and the situations in Canada and Australia. The chapter is constructed in four phases. The ﬁrst phase discusses popular economic development theory and delineates the shift from historical theory to contemporary theory, and the importance of this shift in terms of indigenous land claims. It then examines alternative approaches to entrepreneurial theory, raising the issue of circumstantial or individual importance in entrepreneurial ventures. The second phase is the initial step in the practical application of theory, and consists of summarising the socioeconomic status of Maori in New Zealand, and the relevance of this to indigenous land claims. The history of New Zealand is then discussed, from the perspective of indigenous land claims. The next step involves a cross-cultural comparison of alternative approaches towards indigenous land claim history in Canada and Australia, and concludes by validating humanistic economic development as the ideal approach for indigenous economic and entrepreneurial development. In modern society, a prominent phenomenon spans both continents and the globe in which indigenous people are living at levels below their colonised counterparts’, where they are continually disadvantaged and often confronted with discrimination. This phenomenon can be partly attributed to cultural assumptions, with misunderstanding of these assumptions occurring as early as the premature stages of cultural integration when the foreign man ‘rediscovered’ the indigenous country. Other bases for...
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