Implications for Strategy and Industrial Change
Edited by Ken Green, Marcela Miozzo and Paul Dewick
Chapter 9: Commercialization of Corporate Science and the Production of Research Articles
Robert J. W. Tijssen1 1. INTRODUCTION This chapter is framed in the resource-based view of the ﬁrm. Among the many resource-related factors that inﬂuence a ﬁrm’s organizational competitive advantages and business performance is its ability to innovate, to improve existing processes and products, and to produce new goods and services for the marketplace (Barney, 1991). The realization of the ﬁrm’s primary role as a knowledge creator, as well as knowledge applicator, has led to knowledge-based theories of the ﬁrm (Grant, 1995), where R&Dintensive technology companies generate, accumulate and apply scientiﬁc and technical knowledge to produce incremental or breakthrough technological innovations. The intricate relationship between investments in scientiﬁc research, technological development, tacit knowledge resources, and technological innovations are generally recognized to be an important driver of competitive advantage of technology ﬁrms. There is empirical evidence that a ﬁrm’s R&D eﬀorts may directly improve its ability to innovate (Griliches, 1979), and indirectly help the ﬁrm to absorb outside knowledge (Cohen and Levinthal, 1990), both of which have a profound impact on the ﬁrm’s productivity (Hall, 1996). The research base is acknowledged to be a critical element of a ﬁrm’s innovation capability through the (semi-)open and continuous interaction that takes place with external information sources, such as universities and other public research institutions. Empirical studies have shown that many corporate technical inventions and related innovations depend upon scientiﬁc progress (Beise and Stahl, 1999; Mansﬁeld, 1991; Tijssen, 2002). Traditionally, the creation of scientiﬁc knowledge...
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