Scientific Mobility in an Enlarging European Union
Chapter 1: Introduction: Moving People and Knowledge – Defining the Research Agenda
1. Introduction: moving people and knowledge – deﬁning the research agenda1 ABOUT THIS BOOK This book explores the relationship between highly skilled, scientiﬁc migration and the transfer of knowledge within the European Union (EU). It addresses the eﬀects of these forms of mobility on the individuals concerned, in terms of their career progression and well-being, and on the selected countries – both sending and receiving – in terms of sustainable scientiﬁc development and capacity. The book is grounded primarily in an empirical study of natural scientists, in the academic sector, moving between two sending countries (Poland and Bulgaria) and two receiving countries (the UK and Germany). It is based on ﬁeldwork undertaken during the A8 countries’ accession to the EU, in the lead up to Bulgarian and Romanian EU membership; a timely point to consider the ‘human face’ (Smith and Favell, 2006) of a new wave of East–West mobility. The study involved a range of methods including literature review, legal and policy analysis and face-to-face interviews with key informants and mobile scientists in the four locations.2 Although the research was based in four individual countries, the countries concerned were part of an enlarging supranational body: the EU. Regionalization and Europeanization are highlighted as further dynamics shaping the processes of migration, providing diﬀerent lenses through which to view to understand the signiﬁcance and eﬀects of mobility. This book consists of nine chapters. This introductory chapter reviews some of the academic literature and research on highly skilled...