Scientific Mobility in an Enlarging European Union
Annex 3: Summaries of furhter CSLPE projects that have informed the study
Annex 3 Summaries of further CSLPE1 projects that have informed the study MOBEX: MOBILITY AND EXCELLENCE IN THE EUROPEAN RESEARCH AREA Funder: Economic and Social Research Council, UK (ESRC) October 2002–October 2003 The ‘MOBEX’ project funded under the ESRC Science and Society Programme – small grant for work on the mobility of Italian scientists (the MOBEX project) At EU level, science mobility is seen as essential for the promotion of scientiﬁc growth and competitiveness and, more speciﬁcally, in promoting its strategy of regional specialization and scientiﬁc clustering and the kinds of ‘knowledge transfer’ this demands. Nevertheless, the EU is also concerned about the issue of inequality both in terms of individual opportunity and also in a regional context. Unchecked these European Research Area (ERA) policies lie in tension with the commitment to ‘balanced growth’ to the extent that they encourage the relocation of scientists to centres of excellence (typically located in the economically stronger regions), potentially reducing the ability of weaker regions to regenerate. The ‘circulation’ of scientiﬁc talent, in itself, is not constitutive of ‘brain drain’. The ‘problems’ arise when the rates of return are very low and also when the country or region in question fails to attract scientiﬁc talent from outside. On an individual level, the emphasis on mobility potentially generates diﬀerential opportunity as more ‘footloose’ scientists are able to respond to these challenges whilst others, perhaps with family or caring commitments, are less able to do so. Increasing emphasis upon...
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