Moving People and Knowledge

Moving People and Knowledge

Scientific Mobility in an Enlarging European Union

Louise Ackers and Bryony Gill

Moving People and Knowledge provides a fresh examination of the processes of highly skilled science migration. Focusing on intra-European mobility and, in particular, on the new dynamics of East–West migration, the authors investigate the movement of Polish and Bulgarian researchers to and from the UK and Germany. Key questions include: who is moving, how long for, and why? In addressing the motivations and experiences of mobile scientists and their families, insights into professional and personal motivations are provided, demonstrating how relationships, networks and infrastructures shape decision-making. This book provides a useful perspective on the implications of increasing researcher mobility – for both sending and receiving regions and the individuals concerned – which is necessary for the construction of future policies on sustainable scientific development.

Annex 3: Summaries of furhter CSLPE projects that have informed the study

Louise Ackers and Bryony Gill

Subjects: business and management, human resource management, knowledge management, development studies, family and gender policy, migration, innovation and technology, knowledge management, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy, family and gender policy, migration, urban and regional studies, migration

Extract

Annex 3 Summaries of further CSLPE1 projects that have informed the study MOBEX: MOBILITY AND EXCELLENCE IN THE EUROPEAN RESEARCH AREA Funder: Economic and Social Research Council, UK (ESRC) October 2002–October 2003 The ‘MOBEX’ project funded under the ESRC Science and Society Programme – small grant for work on the mobility of Italian scientists (the MOBEX project) At EU level, science mobility is seen as essential for the promotion of scientific growth and competitiveness and, more specifically, in promoting its strategy of regional specialization and scientific clustering and the kinds of ‘knowledge transfer’ this demands. Nevertheless, the EU is also concerned about the issue of inequality both in terms of individual opportunity and also in a regional context. Unchecked these European Research Area (ERA) policies lie in tension with the commitment to ‘balanced growth’ to the extent that they encourage the relocation of scientists to centres of excellence (typically located in the economically stronger regions), potentially reducing the ability of weaker regions to regenerate. The ‘circulation’ of scientific talent, in itself, is not constitutive of ‘brain drain’. The ‘problems’ arise when the rates of return are very low and also when the country or region in question fails to attract scientific talent from outside. On an individual level, the emphasis on mobility potentially generates differential opportunity as more ‘footloose’ scientists are able to respond to these challenges whilst others, perhaps with family or caring commitments, are less able to do so. Increasing emphasis upon...

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