Green Accounting in Europe

Green Accounting in Europe

A Comparative Study, Volume 2

The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei series on Economics, the Environment and Sustainable Development

Edited by Anil Markandya and Marialuisa Tamborra

Using spatially desegregated data on measures of pollution to derive economic damage estimates, the main purpose of the book is to gauge the environmental damage sustained as a result of economic activities and to offer an insight into how the information generated can be used in conjunction with conventional economic accounts. The first few chapters review recent developments in both green accounting and pathway analysis. The book goes on to evaluate the progress made in estimating dose response functions and valuing environmental damages. The authors discuss the methodology used for the estimation of damages caused by ambient air pollution and the cost of defensive expenditures. They also present the results of the analysis and draw important policy conclusions for environmental accounting, particularly in the EU.

Chapter 6: The Methodology for the Estimation of Impacts and Damage Costs Caused by Ambient Air Pollution

Bert Droste-Franke, Wolfram Krewitt and Rainer Friedrich

Subjects: economics and finance, environmental economics, environment, environmental economics


Bert Droste-Franke, Wolfram Krewitt, Rainer Friedrich and Alfred Trukenmüller 6.1 INTRODUCTION In this chapter the methodology used for the estimation of impacts and damage costs caused by air pollution and their attribution to sources is described. The impact pathway approach which was developed in ExternE, improved in GARP I (European Commission, 1995) (see Chapter 3) and already used for many studies, for example, European Commission (1997), was followed for the calculations. Measured as well as modelled concentration data were used to estimate physical impacts and damage costs on human health, building materials and field crops by applying the recommended exposure–response functions and monetary values discussed in Chapters 4 and 5 respectively. While the use of measurement data allows the estimation of impacts resulting from the actual concentration load within a region, models can be used to trace back pollutant transport and thus to establish a link between impacts and a specific source at a specific site. The two following sections briefly describe the two different methodologies. 6.2 ESTIMATION OF IMPACTS AND DAMAGE COSTS BY USING MEASURED CONCENTRATION DATA In order to obtain the concentration levels of pollutants at the receptors’ locations, annual average values of measured concentration data for Germany, Italy, the Netherlands and the UK are applied to derive pollution maps. These are used together with the spatially disaggregated receptor data which are described in Chapter 8, Subsection 8.2.3, to estimate physical impacts and damage costs for a one-year exposure to pollutant 87...

You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.

Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.

Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.

Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

Further information