A Comparative Study, Volume 2
The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei series on Economics, the Environment and Sustainable Development
Edited by Anil Markandya and Marialuisa Tamborra
Anil Markandya and Marialuisa Tamborra 16.1 INTRODUCTION1 This chapter presents the conclusions from each of the principal areas of investigation. These conclusions identify how the results from the analysis can be applied in existing environmental accounting frameworks and point the way for future research initiatives and priorities. From this some recommendations for policy analysis are drawn. The conclusions on each area of investigation are broadly presented in terms of: ● ● ● ● ● replicability of the methodology in other European Union countries;2 reliability of the quantitative estimates of the environmental damages in physical and monetary terms; consistency of assessment within, and between, countries and over time; applications of the methodology and results to speciﬁc areas of policy analysis; and identiﬁed priorities for future work. The main themes that emerge from this exercise are summarised in Section 16.9. 16.2 REFLECTION ON THE METHODOLOGY: UPDATING DAMAGE ESTIMATES FOR AIR POLLUTION 16.2.1 Replicability It is necessary to ask whether the methods used here can be applied in countries other than the four selected for this study. The main issue concerns the 473 474 Conclusions and policy recommendations availability of good quality data through the analytical chain. The situation is summarised in Table 16.1. The situation across the European Union is set to improve over the next few years with respect to the availability of pollution concentration data, through the implementation of the Framework Directive on Ambient Air Quality (FDAAQ). This requires most member states to increase the number of monitoring stations, measure all pollutants...
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