Theory, Methods and Public Policy
New Horizons in Environmental Economics series
Edited by Gary Paul Green, Steven C. Deller and David D. Marcouiller
Chapter 15: Managing Growth and Development in a Natural-Amenity-Rich Landscape: Landowner Attitudes Toward Planning in Northwestern Wisconsin
15. Managing growth and development in a natural-amenityrich landscape: landowner attitudes toward planning in northwestern Wisconsin Dana A. Jensen and Donald R. Field INTRODUCTION Since the 1970s, migration to natural amenity-rich rural areas has dramatically altered the social, economic and ecological fabric of the rural landscape. Rural residents are beginning to recognize the manifestation of growth on their communities and landscape: rapid rates of new housing construction, conversion of seasonal residences to year-round homes, fragmentation of natural areas, proliﬁc lakefront development and increasing demands for the provision of utilities and services. The above may result in an erosion of the rural character that in many cases attracted new residents or retained long-term residents in the ﬁrst place. In response to this apparent threat, many rural leaders have initiated or considered land-use planning as a way to examine current issues and trends and position their community for the future. Plans are generally adopted through local elected oﬃcials or appointed committees, the process of planning for rural areas should be based on broader public participation including the individual and often divergent interests of the landowners and residents. Rural planning involves decisions that aﬀect an individual’s use of their land. Whether a formalized planning process or in the form of incremental decision making, planning can therefore generate conﬂict. In the case of rural areas with a diversity of residents, long-term and new residents to an area are often thought to signiﬁcantly diﬀer regarding the values to the...
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