Edited by François Thérin
Techno-entrepreneurship is a recent ﬁeld which has its roots in the now established ﬁeld of entrepreneurship. Its aim is to study the speciﬁcities of entrepreneurial activities in technology-intensive environments. Why is that important? Techno-entrepreneurship combines the risk factors associated with entrepreneuring with the ones due to the highly uncertain nature of technologies development. This ‘squared risk’ is a real challenge for new high-tech ventures. As an emerging ﬁeld, it was important to consolidate the early writings and this is the aim of the present Handbook. Since the inception of this project almost three years ago, it has been decided to be as open as possible in terms of contributions to allow any researchers to feel that they are working in techno-entreprenurship to contribute to the Handbook. The result is a diverse yet focused collection of contributions: diverse as it ranges from questioning the reality of the ﬁeld to the study of processes of technoentrepreneurship, including the role of clusters, incubators and technology transfers and to applications in two of the most techno-entrepreneurial industries of the moment: biotechnology and electronic commerce. The ﬁrst part of the Handbook is dedicated to the foundations of the ﬁeld. The ﬁrst contribution, by Sylvie Blanco, shows that the concept of technological opportunity recognition is important to resolving part of the uncertainty related to techno-entrepreneurship. Igor Prodan, in Chapter 2, builds a model of technological entrepreneurship in the perspective of regional development by emphasizing key characteristics derived from the literature in entrepreneurship and technology policy....