Table of Contents

Transparency in a New Global Order

Transparency in a New Global Order

Unveiling Organizational Visions

Edited by Christina Garsten and Monica Lindh de Montoya

This book argues that transparency is a concept that has gained increasing currency and favour as an organizing principle and administrative goal in recent years. Calls for transparency have been directed towards states, markets, corporations and national political processes as well as towards large institutions such as the European Union.

Chapter 12: Promoting Transparency, Preventing War: Neoliberalism, Conflict Preventionism and the New Military

Mattias Viktorin

Subjects: business and management, organisation studies, social policy and sociology, sociology and sociological theory


12. Promoting transparency, preventing war: neoliberalism, conflict preventionism and the new military1 Mattias Viktorin INTRODUCTION In December 2003, a NATO-led military force, comprising troops from 26 nations, intervened in a conflict in Bogaland. This military operation did not receive much international publicity – probably because Bogaland, in a sense, does not exist. It is a fictitious country, and the military intervention was an exercise, carried out mostly assisted by computers. The exercise, called Viking 03, had been organized by the Swedish Armed Forces with the overall aim to improve civil–military co-operation in Peace Support Operations (PSOs). Almost a thousand people took part in this event, and among the participants were not only military personnel, but also representatives from civilian organizations such as the International Legal Assistance Consortium, Save the Children, and Amnesty International. The Viking 03 exercise epitomized three sets of significant transformations in the contemporary security environment. First, the changing role of the military – from national defence and warfighting to international intervention and peacekeeping. Second, the emergence of civil–military alliances, and a related merging of development and security. Third, the growing international interest in understanding, managing, and preventing violent ethnic conflicts. Among academics and other commentators, opposing positions have emerged in response to these transformations. One is mainly supportive. According to this perspective, the military needs to adapt to novel circumstances, and in order to succeed in international attempts at managing conflicts, improving civil–military co-operation is regarded as imperative. Another position...

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