Governance, Globalization and Public Policy

Governance, Globalization and Public Policy

Edited by Patricia Kennett

Governance, Globalization and Public Policy is concerned with exploring the nature of the policy arena in the context of globalization and the reconstitution of the state. The contributors to this book seek to broaden, extend and integrate theoretical, conceptual and substantive policy debates. The book begins by exploring the concepts and perspectives associated with globalization and governance, the relationship between them and the repercussions for public policy and the state. It also considers developments at the global and regional levels and the implications of the emergence of new regulatory regimes in the context of liberalization and privatization. The focus then turns to a broad range of substantive areas of public policy such as human rights, health and health care, housing markets, poverty, security and counter-terrorism.

Chapter 5: Developmental States and Global Neoliberalism

Amornsak Kitthananan

Subjects: politics and public policy, public policy, regulation and governance, social policy and sociology, comparative social policy


Amornsak Kitthananan INTRODUCTION The neoliberal discourse of global institutions is extremely influential in the West; and is a dominant theme of academic analysis of the state, governance and the policy process. However, in some countries of Asia, states have followed a different path from that prescribed by global institutions and neoliberal orthodoxy. This chapter addresses this issue and uses the dynamic of state reorientation in Asia as a contribution to the debate. It discusses the dynamism of state orientation and reorientation in the light of global neoliberalism. While many states in the West might play a crucial role in providing the regulatory framework for markets to function efficiently, what is distinctive about some states in Asia is that they deliberately sought to intervene in the market or economy differently from the neoliberals’ vision. Economic development in East Asia was not something that simply happened as a consequence of the fortuitous and unplanned influence of market forces, but was a result of the state’s decision in the extent to which it should intervene to direct or guide the economy. It also depended on how the state had arranged its institutional relationship with other players in the governance structures. GLOBAL NEOLIBERALISM, STATE AND PUBLIC POLICY It has been over three decades since the 1970s when the neoliberal ideal began to replace the state-led Keynesian orthodoxy, firstly within Western governments, then as the main policy prescription of international financial organizations, and later transferred into the policymaking of developing...

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