Chapter 11: Globalization, Governance and the UK’s Domestic ‘War on Terror’
Christina Pantazis and Simon Pemberton INTRODUCTION In recent years there has been a slow, but increasing, acknowledgement that the twin issues of globalization and governance are manifestly related to the production of crime and developments within criminal justice (see Barak, 2001; Nelken, 2004). Globalization is perceived as fomenting conditions which facilitate the proliferation and development of new forms of crime, particularly those occurring across international boundaries and requiring global or cross-border interventions. Thus, there is now an emerging body of literature on illegal migration (Friman, 2004), human traﬃcking (Fukuda-Parr, 2003; Pratt, 2004), state–corporate crime (Whyte, 2003), state crime (Green and Ward, 2004), social harms (Tombs and Hillyard, 2004; Gilbert and Russell, 2002) and terrorism (Hess, 2003). The increasing global governance of criminal justice is also gaining signiﬁcant attention from academics. Some are focusing on comparative criminal justice systems emphasizing similar and contrasting models across diﬀerent jurisdictions (Pakes, 2003; Cavadino and Dignan, 2006). Others are examining the multilayered nature of criminal justice policymaking, highlighting the tensions between nation states and regional structures of governance (Edwards and Hughes, 2005). A growing number of academics have begun analysing the transfer of policies and practices in criminal justice (Nellis, 2000; Jones and Newburn, 2002; Newburn, 2002; Jones and Newburn, 2006), the global travel of crime policies (Karstedt, 2002; Sparks and Newburn, 2002), and policy convergence and crime control (Jones and Newburn, 2002; Pakes, 2003; Muncie, 2005). The growing awareness of ‘policy transfer’ in the academic literature has been encouraged by...
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