From Polar Winds to Tropical Breezes
Chapter 2: Successful Women Professionals in the Americas: Theoretical Perspectives and Empirical Findings
2. Successful women professionals in the Americas: theoretical perspectives and empirical ﬁndings Ann Gregory, Catherine Mossop and Neusa Maria Bastos F. Santos Chapter 1 discussed the increase in women in the Americas entering nontraditional professions, and pointed out that only a small minority of these reach the top of their professions. In our study we include women entrepreneurs, women managers (including government, not for proﬁt and for proﬁt) and professional women (in medicine, academia, law and engineering). We ask: ● ● ● What are the characteristics of those who managed to reach the upper levels? What were the barriers they faced in attaining the top ranks? What support did they receive? The focus of the chapter is on the existing literature, and the results of previous research, which points the way to answering these questions. Throughout the book we draw on aspects of the literature review presented here. In this chapter, the literature review can be related to many aspects of the theoretical model, introduced in Chapter 1. We begin with a brief look at women in the workforce in the Americas. Appendix E presents some statistics and discussion on women in the workforce worldwide, for readers who want to compare the situation in the Americas with the rest of the world. WOMEN IN THE WORKFORCE, MANAGEMENT AND PROFESSIONS IN THE AMERICAS In this following section, we discuss overall workforce trends in the Americas, as well as workforce trends in Canada and the USA and in Latin America; then we look...
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