Edited by Léo-Paul Dana
I felt greatly honoured when Francine O’Sullivan, Commissioning Editor for Edward Elgar, suggested that I organize this interdisciplinary World Encyclopedia of Entrepreneurship. The project was launched in February 2005, and after years of invitations, submissions and revisions, here is the result. I truly believe that it will be an asset to countless researchers. I would like to take this opportunity to thank the many world-class authors who contributed to this encyclopedia. Their entries are presented in alphabetical order, by subject. Here I shall mention just a few. Among the themes on the following pages, Louis Jacques Filion (holder of the Rogers–J.A. Bombardier Chair of Entrepreneurship) discusses issues related to defining the entrepreneur. Economist William Baumol focuses on economics and the entrepreneur. David Audretsch (Distinguished Professor and the Ameritech Chair of Economic Development) discusses entrepreneurship policy. French Professor Emeritus Jean-Jacques Obrecht (former President of the European affiliate of the International Council for Small Business) discusses the environment for entrepreneurship. Alan Singer (James Holshouser Distinguished Professor of Ethics) writes about ethics. University of California, Los Angeles sociologist Professor Emeritus Ivan H. Light addresses global entrepreneurship and transnationalism. University of Reading Professor Mark Casson (Director, Centre for Institutional Performance) reports on the historical context of entrepreneurship. Among the entries that follow, some are firm-specific including write-ups about entrepreneur Conrad Hilton, founder of the world’s first international hotel chain, and serial entrepreneur Howard Hughes and the entrepreneurial Hudson’s Bay Company that once controlled much of what later became the Dominion of Canada. The...