Globalized Freight Transport

Globalized Freight Transport

Intermodality, E-Commerce, Logistics and Sustainability

Transport Economics, Management and Policy series

Edited by Thomas R. Leinbach and Cristina Capineri

The worldwide movement of freight has emerged as one of the most critical and dynamic aspects of the transport sector. The contributors to this study examine the current state of global freight transport, with an emphasis on Europe and North America and their extra-regional linkages. These original contributions synthesize existing knowledge, highlight new developments, problems and possible solutions, and underscore the need for further research.

Chapter 10: Globalized Freight Transport: Conclusions and Future Research

Cristina Capineri and Thomas R. Leinbach

Subjects: economics and finance, transport, environment, transport, urban and regional studies, transport

Extract

Cristina Capineri and Thomas R. Leinbach INTRODUCTION The themes addressed in this collection of original essays have highlighted the emerging aspects of freight movements at a global scale in the context of transport intensive economies. The overall picture that emerges from the contributions reveals a global system of rapidly increasing traffic of differentiated goods traveling over longer distances with specific time and place utilities. These flows are especially driven by a highly competitive set of multinational firms which are sourcing and distributing inputs and final goods to growing worldwide markets. The pattern of global freight trade is highly concentrated on select routes and through a relatively small number of gateways. The implications of this spatial selectivity are enormous in terms of externality effects. Moreover, in the long term, significant continued growth of global freight flows is expected. Although this growth will be most conspicuous in the emerging Asian economies (especially China and India), flows are expected at least to double in the first half of this century in all regions of the world. Environmental effects related to this growth will be significant. Road transport remains the most conspicuous mode where infrastructural upgrading is continuous and polluting and noise effects are significant. Transport operations have become more sophisticated and complex both in the provision and management of vehicles and infrastructure and in the services offered. Related to this are the growing specialized needs associated with cargo movements, which demand creative logistical...

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