Table of Contents

Innovation, Agglomeration and Regional Competition

Innovation, Agglomeration and Regional Competition

New Horizons in Regional Science series

Edited by Charlie Karlsson, Börje Johansson and Roger R. Stough

This book provides a state-of-the-art overview of current research on regional competition and co-operation. Developing our current understanding of the new role of regions and their behaviour, this book addresses questions such as: How and why do regions compete? How does competition between border regions operate? Which regions are successful and which regions fail? What are the implications of regional competition in terms of resource allocation, the location of economic activities and the distribution of incomes? The book illuminates a number of critical theoretical end empirical issues relating to the competitive and cooperative nature of regions, as well as highlighting a number of new case studies from a variety of countries.

Chapter 7: Towards New European Peripheries?

Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura

Subjects: economics and finance, economics of innovation, regional economics, innovation and technology, economics of innovation, urban and regional studies, clusters, regional economics


Juan R. Cuadrado-Roura INTRODUCTION Centre–periphery patterns of the global economy have been investigated by the structuralist school of development studies since the 1950s. As is well known there are some differences between the approaches developed taking the core idea of centre–periphery relationships. The most elaborated is surely the one that sees centre and periphery as relative concepts that depend upon one another (Friedmann, 1972). From this point of view, a centre needs its periphery to be able to act as centre and vice versa; and, on the other hand, the same region (or city or metropolitan area) can be centre in one relationship and periphery in another. Nevertheless, an important part of the literature on the centre–periphery antinomy has usually been employed without explicit linkage to a specific paradigm. It simply refers to the spatial concentration of activities and related disparities, leaving patterns of power and dependency aside. At the same time, it is noteworthy that the structuralist school has avoided penetrating the regional level in its analysis. From a narrow and statistical perspective, peripherality boils down to the problem of accessibility. Distances give rise to transport needs, which implies real costs to be borne by somebody. This advantage is increased further by the fact that scale economies in production and in the use of infrastructure cannot always be developed and utilized to the same extent in peripheries as in centres. Centre and periphery patterns in the location of activities derive, to a large extent, from the...

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