Table of Contents

A Handbook of Terrorism and Insurgency in Southeast Asia

A Handbook of Terrorism and Insurgency in Southeast Asia

Elgar original reference

Edited by Andrew T.H. Tan

This timely and significant book seeks to explain the deep-seated complexities of terrorism and insurgency in Southeast Asia. In the aftermath of 9/11, this region has been designated by the United States to be the ‘second front’ in the war on terrorism. Yet despite the emergence of this ‘new’ global terrorism, the authors argue that armed rebellion in Southeast Asia is a phenomenon that predates Al Qaeda and the global Jihadist movement and that much can be learned from the motivations behind it.

Chapter 7: Human Tragedy in Sulawesi, Indonesia: 1998–2002

James Veitch

Subjects: asian studies, asian development, development studies, asian development, development economics, economics and finance, development economics, politics and public policy, terrorism and security

Extract

7 Human tragedy in Sulawesi Indonesia: 1998–20021 James Veitch Reasons for the conflict2 There is no one reason for this conflict in Central Sulawesi just as there is no single explanation for the rise and the influence of Jemaah Islamiah in Indonesia as a whole.3 But a cluster of factors seem to come together and implode in this situation and it is these that need to be identified.4 First, there is a history of Muslim activism in South Sulawesi that continues to influence what happens in the region through movements such as the KPSI (Komite Penegakan Syari’at Islam) and its militant wing Laskar Jundullah. The crisis in Poso and Tentena owed as much to the activities of this group and its allies such as Laskar Jihad as it did to long-standing religious tensions between Muslim and Christian and the earlier influence of Darul Islam. Second, in the midst of constant change Muslim leaders realize that there is a need to nourish Islam as a religious faith in people’s lives. In this situation not only should the influence of Christianity as an alternative to Islam be contained, but the competition for hearts and lives also lies in limiting the influence of Western values on people and in the rejuvenation of Muslim values and beliefs. The continuation of Indonesia as a Muslim nation within a secular state at a time when relationships with the Western world are undergoing radical change threatens these values,...

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