Impacts and Responses
New Horizons in Regional Science series
Edited by Matthias Ruth, Kieran Donaghy and Paul Kirshen
M. Ruth, K. Donaghy and P. Kirshen LOCAL IMPACTS AND RESPONSES TO CLIMATE CHANGE AND VARIABILITY This book presents results from six research projects on the impacts of and responses to climate change and climate variability. The projects have been carried out over the course of more than three years as part of the US Global Change Research Program (US GCRP). Six separate research groups concentrated on a diverse set of topics – from changes in wildland fire dynamics to water use in agriculture, to air quality impacts on human health, to reliability of urban infrastructure systems – all under a wide range of climate, socioeconomic and management scenarios. The six projects present integrated assessments of the impacts of climate change, and adaptive and mitigating responses to it at urban and regional scales. These assessments have contributed to knowledge of localized experiences of climate change, how it affects different sectors, how different stakeholders perceive its implications and are adapting to it, and how decision support systems can serve to promote dialogues between researchers, stakeholders and policy makers. A key feature that unites the chapters in this book is their emphasis on the development of approaches for integrated assessments of the potential consequences of climate variability and change on the United States. Specific emphasis is given to assessments that integrate observed and anticipated dynamics ‘horizontally’ and ‘vertically’. Horizontal integration means analysis that brings together under a unified framework studies of impacts on, and responses by different sectors, such as water management, agricultural production...