Chapter 6: Building the Film Industry in New Zealand: An Entrepreneurship
6. Building the ﬁlm industry in New Zealand: an entrepreneurship continuum Anne de Bruin INTRODUCTION The ﬁlm industry in New Zealand (NZ) has moved rapidly from relative obscurity in the late 1970s, to an industry with global visibility as well as acclaim (Shelton, 2005). Most recently, NZ has been home to the creation of major blockbuster movies directed by New Zealanders. For example, Peter Jackson’s The Lord of the Rings trilogy (2001–03) and the remake of King Kong (2005) have had outstanding international impact. New Zealander Andrew Adamson’s The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe (2005) is similarly noteworthy. However, recent successes have not been conﬁned to big-budget ﬁlms. Lower-cost feature ﬁlms, such as the Oscar-nominated, NZ story content ﬁlm Whale Rider (2002), are also among recent success stories. Furthermore, NZ short ﬁlms too have contributed to ﬁlm industry achievement. Included among the latest acclaimed short ﬁlms is multiple award-winning and Oscar-nominated Two Cars, One Night (2003) directed and written by Taika Waititi (Taika Cohen) and Welby Ing’s Boy (2004), which won the Best Short Narrative Film Award at the 2005 Cinequest Film Festival. International ﬁlmmakers have also increasingly acknowledged NZ as an excellent location and a source of expertise and talent. For instance, NZ was the backdrop of nineteenthcentury Japan for the Hollywood-directed blockbuster movie The Last Samurai (2004) starring Tom Cruise. Additionally, visual and physical eﬀects production companies in NZ have been engaged to work on increasing numbers of international ﬁlms...
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