New Horizons in Management series
Edited by Neal M. Ashkanasy and Cary L. Cooper
10 Aﬀect and work motivation Ruth Kanfer and Patrick C. Stubblebine Introduction Over the past few decades, scholarly interest in aﬀect and emotions has burgeoned, and substantial progress has been made in understanding the inﬂuence of mood and emotions on decision making and behavior in organizational settings (see Weiss & Cropanzano, 1996; Ashkanasy et al., 2002; Russell, 2003 for reviews). These advances, along with the increasing practical concern for the toll of emotional labor on job performance and worker well-being and the growing recognition for the role of aﬀect in exceptional job performance, have spurred research on the instigation, expression, and regulation of diﬀerent aﬀects and emotions related to work. Surprisingly, however, one area that has received less attention to date pertains to how advances in the aﬀective sciences inform extant approaches to work motivation. Accordingly, the purpose of this chapter is to examine how progress in the study of aﬀect and emotions may contribute to our understanding of work motivation and its outcomes. At the most general level, aﬀect and motivation represent distinct but complementary paradigms for understanding the psychological forces and processes that inﬂuence the direction, intensity, and persistence of behavior. Aﬀect is often emphasized in the explanation of an individual’s typical behavior over time, for example, when individuals who work long hours are described as being passionate about their work or as highly motivated to achieve. Similarly, individuals who are described as angry and hostile at work...
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