The Role of States and Nation-states in Smart Growth Planning
New Horizons in Regional Science series
Edited by Gerrit-Jan Knaap, Huibert A. Haccoû, Kelly J. Clifton and John W. Frece
Chapter 5: Smart Growth: Opportunity or Threat to Affordable Housing?
5. Smart Growth: Opportunity or threat to aﬀordable housing? Charles Connerly INTRODUCTION The purpose of this chapter is to address the issue of how well state-initiated smart growth assures a suﬃcient supply of aﬀordable housing, both to meet expanding population demands as well as to help meet existing aﬀordable housing need. It begins by raising the issue of the relationship between smart growth and aﬀordable housing and whether smart growth is a threat or an opportunity for aﬀordable housing. It brieﬂy describes the empirical research that explores the connection between smart growth and aﬀordable housing and concludes, as have others, that various approaches to controlling population growth can increase housing prices and decrease housing aﬀordability, thereby suggesting that smart growth is a potential threat to aﬀordable housing. At the same time, the chapter brieﬂy recognizes and assesses a number of key aﬀordable housing strategies that can be eﬀectively incorporated into a state-led smart growth agenda. The key question then becomes, how likely is it that local and state governments practicing smart growth will adopt these strategies? A preliminary answer to this question is given by examining the case of Florida, which has adopted both signiﬁcant smart growth and aﬀordable housing legislation, and asking whether this legislation has resulted in signiﬁcant integration of aﬀordable housing with smart growth strategies. Florida’s growth management legislation exhibits smart growth features and therefore provides an excellent case to...
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