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Entrepreneurship, Cooperation and the Firm

Entrepreneurship, Cooperation and the Firm

The Emergence and Survival of High-Technology Ventures in Europe

Edited by Jan Ulijn, Dominique Drillon and Frank Lasch

The book is an exceptional result of a distinctive network of European and American scholars, practitioners, and members of public institutions interested in the critical issues of emergence and survival of technology and knowledge based firms. The contributors study examples from both the old EU-member states such as France, Germany, the UK and the Netherlands, as well as newer countries such as Slovenia and Estonia. The book is unique in bringing culture and psychology together in the particular context of the nascent technopreneur.

Chapter 11: Value Diversity for Innovativeness in the Multicultural Society of Estonia

Rebekka Vedina, Gerhard Fink and Maaja Vadi

Subjects: business and management, entrepreneurship


Rebekka Vedina, Gerhard Fink and Maaja Vadi* INTRODUCTION In this chapter, we shall investigate the potential effects that cultural similarities and differences between the two major cultural groups, ethnic Estonians and people belonging to the Russian-speaking community, might have on the inclination to innovate. We shall study whether the required capabilities, based on instrumental and terminal values, are available in Estonia; and whether these values are equally distributed within and between these groups, or whether more intense cooperation between Estonians and Russian speakers would be required to invest complementary values into new hybrid corporate cultures that have yet to emerge in order to foster innovation. This is an important issue, since the Estonian performance in innovation is rather disappointing at present. Relative private sector innovation expenditure amounts to only 22 per cent of the EU average (Republic of Estonia, 2005: 23). In the year 2000, in Estonia the innovation expenditures of companies as a percentage of turnovers amounted to 1.43 per cent (EU average was 2.15 per cent, ibid.: 31). The rather poor performance in innovation is in obvious contrast with the observation that Estonia is doing pretty well in various rankings on economic freedom and factors that are supposed to determine international competitiveness or usage of new technologies. In this chapter, we shall try to explain this contrast by going beyond the visible and easily grasped features, which form the basis of these kinds of competitiveness rankings, and provide research into the less obvious, but possibly more...

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