New Horizons in the Economics of Innovation series
Edited by Bengt-Åke Lundvall, Patarapong Intarakumnerd and Jan Vang
This book is the outcome of collaboration among scholars working on innovation systems and related themes of competence-building systems in Asia. This collaboration was developed in connection with the worldwide network GLOBELICS and the region-wide network ASIALICS. The book is the second in a series of regional studies of innovation systems and a follow-up of the book Africa First (2004) edited by Mammo Muchie, Peter Gammeltoft and Bengt-Åke Lundvall. Most of the papers included in the book were presented at the First Asialics Conference on Asian Innovation Systems and Clusters held in Bangkok in Spring 2004. The conference was organized by the National Science and Technology Development Agency (NSTDA) and King Mongkut’s University of Technology Thonburi, Thailand with the support of the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA). At this conference it became clear – not surprisingly – that there are important diﬀerences among the Asian countries in terms of institutional set-ups supporting innovation, government policies and industrial structures. But what was exciting was that almost all of the national innovation systems were introduced as being in a process of ‘transition’. They were all trying to get on to a new trajectory more intensive in learning and use of knowledge, including scientiﬁc knowledge. This commonality, which has inspired the title, organization and structure of this book, reﬂected, among other factors, the aftermath of the ﬁnancial crisis in the middle of the 1990s which hit most of the Asian economies as a shock. Even if the core of this crisis...