A European Perspective
New Horizons in Environmental Economics series
Edited by Ekin Birol and Phoebe Koundouri
Chapter 2: Applications of the Choice Experiment Method in Europe: A Review
Ekin Birol, Phoebe Koundouri and Yiannis Kountouris INTRODUCTION This chapter reviews several noteworthy applications of the choice experiment method undertaken in European Union (EU) countries to date. The review summarises choice experiment studies implemented in various EU countries covering a wide geographical area, including those located in the West (France, Germany and the UK), South (Greece, Italy, Spain and Portugal) and North of the EU (Denmark, Finland and Sweden), as well as those countries located in Eastern and Central Europe which have recently joined the EU (Hungary and Romania). The choice experiment studies presented in this chapter cover a wide array of environmental, natural resource, agricultural, food and energy issues, ranging from conservation of wetlands and biodiversity to eﬃcient management of water resources, and from labelling of foodstuﬀs to alternative energy sources. These studies are aimed at informing the design and implementation of various EU-level environmental, natural resource, agricultural, food and energy policies and directives, such as the Agri-environmental Regulation (EC No. 2078/92), food labelling systems (EC No. 2081/92 and 2082/92), the Water Framework Directive (EC No. 2000/60), the Birds Directive (79/409/EEC), the Habitats Directive (92/43/EEC) and the Landﬁll Directive (1999/31/EC), to name a few. The review presented in this chapter is by no means exhaustive, but it aims to present the status of the choice experiment application in the EU to date, with details of the attributes valued in each study; the monetary values estimated; implications for the design and implementation of various EU-level policies, directives...
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