A European Perspective
New Horizons in Environmental Economics series
Edited by Ekin Birol and Phoebe Koundouri
Chapter 8: Use of Choice Experiments in Assessing the Role of Policy Instruments in Social Acceptability of Forest Biodiversity Conservation in Southern Finland
Paula Horne INTRODUCTION The last decade has seen an increase in the use of choice experiments in the examination of complex preference and choice situations in environmental valuation. Choice experiments or choice modelling oﬀer a wide range of information on beneﬁt trade-oﬀs even between qualitative and quantitative attributes (Adamowicz et al. 1994, Bennett and Blamey 2002). The method also allows ﬂexibility in examining the welfare impacts of diﬀerent policy scenarios. The choice experiment enables valuation of non-use values in multi-attribute choice settings and thus potentially provides a useful tool for assessing changes in biodiversity policies. While valuation studies on citizens’ preferences for nature conservation have abounded since the early 1990s (the early applications including for example Kriström 1990, Pope and Jones 1990, Veisten et al. 1993), there are few empirical results of the impacts on employment losses (for example Rogers and Sinden 1994) and fewer still on the impact of conservation policy instruments on preferences and their distributional impacts (Rolfe et al. 2005, Milon and Scrogin 2006). Most of the applications on nature conservation have used techniques other than choice experiment valuation. The main purpose of this chapter is to contribute to the relatively scarce choice experiment literature on heterogeneity in public preferences for conservation policy options. In the present study, the choice experiment method was applied to determine whether the use of incentive-based policy instruments would increase the level of acceptance of nature conservation in Southern Finland and how the welfare of diﬀerent...
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