Edited by Harry W Richardson, Peter Gordon and James E. Moore II
Chapter 6: Optimal Inspection Strategies for Coast Guard Operations
Niyazi Onur Bakir The terrorism threat along the maritime borders has been widely pronounced as the nation has come to the realization that terrorists have the intention, sophistication and persistence to hurt the American economy and people in the homeland. The continuum of risks ranging from illegal weapon importation across the maritime ports to weapons of mass destruction (WMD) detonation at coastal targets has alerted the public to direct its eﬀort more towards anti-terrorist thinking. The risk of illegal weapons and explosives importation in order to launch attacks against domestic targets has been compounded by the existence of multiple avenues to achieve this objective. In this chapter, the main focus is on the risk of illegal weapons and explosives smuggling in small vessels, that is, ﬁshing boats and pleasure boats. The Maritime Transportation Security Act (MTSA) of 2002 has assigned the maritime security enforcement responsibility to the United States Coast Guard (USCG), the Bureau of Customs and Border Protection (CBP) and the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) under the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) and the Maritime Administration (MARAD) under the Department of Transportation (DOT). The USCG has the lead responsibility in most MTSA assignments as well as the security of US waters and coastal targets. The agency has a long history of interdicting illegal drugs, other contraband and undocumented migrants. To this end, inspections are performed based on incoming intelligence and randomly to deter illegal activity and interdict weapon smugglers and terrorists. Terrorists may take a similar approach to...
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