Globalisation, Citizenship and the War on Terror

Globalisation, Citizenship and the War on Terror

Edited by Maurice Mullard and Bankole A. Cole

This book explores globalisation and the war on terror in a world that is becoming increasingly and significantly polarised and in which dialogue is undermined. The authors contend that citizenship does not obey a static definition, and that its meaning is located in changing economic, social and political contexts. Equally, civil, political and social rights are continually being politically defined. The war on terror has, the book argues, influenced issues of civil liberties and prioritised the need for ‘security’ over and above the protection of human rights: it has redefined the meaning of the rule of law.

Chapter 4: The Polanyian Image Reversed: Globalisation and Economic Citizenship in the New Great Transformation

Terrence Casey

Subjects: law - academic, human rights, politics and public policy, human rights, international politics, international relations, terrorism and security


Terrence Casey Yes to the market economy; no to the market society Former French Prime Minister Lionel Jospin INTRODUCTION Does globalisation herald a new dawn of growth and expanding prosperity across nations or increasing economic instability and political disorder? This chapter builds on the Polanyian insight of market embeddedness in order to establish a more useful theoretical framework for understanding the economic and political dynamics of responses to globalisation. The goal is to conceptualise how changes in the global system will be interpreted through the particular traits of diverse national systems. It is argued below that this is a function of whether the economic culture and economic institutions of these systems orientate individuals in either market-responsive (society-cum-market) or market-resistant (society-contra-market) directions. As such, how a society responds to the increased marketisation of social life – be it through defensive resistance or proactive adaptation – depends on the extent to which societies (more or less) mimic underlying ideals of markets, creating a sense of citizenship within the economy as well as within the polity. Economically this implies that market-responsive systems are likely to exhibit superior performance as globalisation progresses. Politically this implies that globalisation is not in itself a destabilising process, but rather cultural and institutional impediments at the national level serve to hinder adaptation and create conditions for political turmoil, alienation, a sense of disenfranchisement and, in its most extreme form, serving as a catalyst for terrorist movements. 55 56 Theoretical frameworks COMPETING PERSPECTIVES OF GLOBALISATION There is perhaps no better example...

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