An Integrated Approach
The Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei series on Economics, the Environment and Sustainable Development
Edited by Carlo Giupponi, Anthony J. Jakeman, Derek Karssenberg and Matt P. Hare
Jacobo Feás Vàzquez and Paolo Rosato 5.1 INTRODUCTION Water management is one of the main issues for human development. Water can be considered the most important primary good, and is very closely related to social and economic development. Water is generally a limited resource that must be managed efficiently for its conservation and future uses, but must also be distributed with equity.1 Water is a natural resource that has always played a strategic role in both social and economic development although this role differs with reference to both space and time. It is extremely difficult to generalise the problems concerning water management, which are specific and depend on the physical, economic and social characteristics of the considered context. In other words, it is not easy to find a common model to manage water resources in Africa and the Far East or in the Venetian Plain. Furthermore, water is an economic enigma: a human right, a production factor and a luxury good. Therefore, many issues must be taken into account in water management. The most important is the multipurpose use of water. Water resources are used for multifunctional purposes and managed by different water institutions with different final objectives. In fact, together with the consolidated civil and production function of water, it plays a protection function for the environment and a recreational function for which demand is rapidly increasing. The different water uses and the many relationships with surface and groundwater systems are represented in Figure 5.1. In general,...
You are not authenticated to view the full text of this chapter or article.
Elgaronline requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books or journals. Please login through your library system or with your personal username and password on the homepage.
Non-subscribers can freely search the site, view abstracts/ extracts and download selected front matter and introductory chapters for personal use.
Your library may not have purchased all subject areas. If you are authenticated and think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.