Table of Contents

Career Choice in Management and Entrepreneurship

Career Choice in Management and Entrepreneurship

A Research Companion

Edited by Mustafa F. Özbilgin and Ayala Malach-Pines

Although a large and steadily growing research literature attests to an interest in management and entrepreneurship, little research has focused on comparative assessment of the career choices and trajectories of managers and entrepreneurs. This timely book fills the gap by presenting an assessment of early influences on the career choice of managers and entrepreneurs, their attitudes at the start of their careers as students, and in their later employment experiences.


Mustafa F Ozbilgin and Ayala Malacg-Pines

Subjects: business and management, entrepreneurship, management education, education, management education


Mustafa F. Özbilgin and Ayala Malach-Pines The choice of a career is a complex and multifaceted process that includes all the spheres of a person’s life (Hall, 1996). For one hundred years attempts have been made to classify the factors that influence this process. Most of these attempts include such factors as aptitudes, interests, resources, limitations, requirements and opportunities. Parsons (1909/1989, p. 5), for example, stated that ‘in the wise choice of a vocation there are three broad factors: 1. A clear understanding of yourself, your aptitudes, abilities, interests, ambitions, resources, limitations and their causes. 2. Knowledge of the requirements and conditions of success, advantages and disadvantages, compensations, opportunities and prospects in different lines of work. 3. True reasoning on the relations of these groups of facts’. Parsons’s work served as the cornerstone in the development of modern counseling theories that center on the person–environment fit (e.g. Edwards et al., 1998; Kristof, 1996; Swanson, 1996). In the 1950s, Ginzberg (1951) classified the factors that influence career choices into: self, reality and key people, while Super (1953, 1957) classified them into: (1) Role factors – the self and the role; (2) Personality factors – intelligence, special abilities, preferences, values, approaches to work, ‘personality’ and general adaptability, and (3) Situational factors – social and economic status of the parents, religious background, home atmosphere, parents’ approach, the general economic situation, a state of war or peace, and training opportunities. It is common today to view vocational choice as a process,...