Problems and Policies
ESRI Studies Series on Ageing
Edited by Koichi Hamada and Hiromi Kato
Koichi Hamada and Hiromi Kato With the advent of the Millennium, substantial qualitative changes have been taking place in environmental, technological, economic and social conditions on earth. One of the most conspicuous changes in Japan is the ageing and decline of its population. It was expected that the population in Japan would decline before long, but it was still shocking to hear the conﬁrmation of Japan’s government statistics to that eﬀect for last year’s population. The Millennium Project at the Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), Cabinet Oﬃce of Japan, gathered distinguished scholars from all over the world who studied the impact of ageing on the Japanese economy and its society from various angles. This book is a collection of several studies from this project and the chapters deal more speciﬁcally with the impact of ageing on the labor market in Japan. The content of the chapters observes the surprising phenomena of drastic ageing and the declining population, and explores new directions of research. Since we face a new set of problems that were not anticipated, some chapters may carry a ﬂavor of being a simulcast of current situations as well as a scientiﬁc observation of the ageing trend. At the turn of the new century, Japan has been encountering the advent of a rapidly ageing population. In 2000, about 17.2 per cent of its population was over 65 years old, and about 7 per cent was over 75 years old. In 2025, 27.5 per...