Table of Contents

Pricing in Road Transport

Pricing in Road Transport

A Multi-Disciplinary Perspective

Edited by Erik Verhoef, Michiel Bliemer, Linda Steg and Bert van Wee

Transport pricing is high on the political agenda throughout the world, but as the authors illustrate, governments seeking to implement this often face challenging questions and significant barriers. The associated policy and research questions cannot always be addressed adequately from a mono-disciplinary perspective. This book shows how a multi-disciplinary approach may lead to new types of analysis and insights, contributing to a better understanding of the intricacies of transport pricing and eventually to a potentially more effective and acceptable design of such policies. The study addresses important policy and research themes such as the possible motives for introducing road transport pricing and potential conflicts between these motives, behavioural responses to transport pricing for households and firms, the modelling of transport pricing, and the acceptability of pricing.

Chapter 6: Firms: Changes in Trip Patterns, Production Prices, Locations and in the Human Resource Policy due to Road Pricing

Taede Tillema, Bert van Wee, Jan Rouwendal and Jos van Ommeren

Subjects: economics and finance, transport, environment, transport, urban and regional studies, transport


6. Firms: changes in trip patterns, product prices, locations and in the human resource policy due to road pricing Taede Tillema, Bert van Wee, Jan Rouwendal and Jos van Ommeren 6.1 INTRODUCTION Road-pricing policies are increasingly being implemented in urbanized areas around the world, with the aims of alleviating congestion,1 maintaining the accessibility of urban regions and minimizing negative environmental effects of road traffic (van Wee, 1995; de Wit and van Gent, 1998; Verhoef, 2000). An additional motivation is the generation of revenues that can be used to build and maintain infrastructure. The introduction of road-pricing measures might have an effect on both household and firm behaviour. Whereas Chapter 5 in this volume has already focused on the behavioural responses of households to road pricing, this chapter shifts attention to the behavioural changes of firms. 6.2 THEORY AND OUTLINE Transport costs are generally regarded as a main determinant of the location of economic activity. This is true for both classical location theory (Max Weber) and for the new economic geography. For instance, Krugman’s (1991) core–periphery model stresses the interrelationship between transport costs and the polarization of regions. The model shows that, in particular settings, the (long-run) effects of modest changes in transport costs on location patterns of industries can be large and this conclusion has been repeated in numerous later variants of the model. This suggests that measures that influence transport costs in a systematic manner, such as road pricing, may have potentially...

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