Table of Contents

Research Companion to the Dysfunctional Workplace

Research Companion to the Dysfunctional Workplace

Management Challenges and Symptoms

New Horizons in Management series

Edited by Janice Langan-Fox, Cary L. Cooper and Richard J. Klimoski

A work exposing and exploring the phenomena of the dysfunctional workplace is long overdue. This fascinating book does just that, uncovering the subversiveness, counter-productive behaviour and unspoken ‘issues’ that managers struggle with on a daily basis.

Chapter 10: Work Hours and Work Addiction: Work Now, Pay Later

Ronald J. Burke and Teal McAteer

Subjects: business and management, diversity and management, human resource management, organisational behaviour

Extract

1 Ronald J. Burke and Teal McAteer This chapter offers a selective review of the literature addressing work hours and workaholism or work addiction and their effects. Although these two bodies of literature deal with the same topics, they have historically been considered quite separately (Burke, 2006). Work is a vital and potentially enjoyable event which provides us with monetary and non-monetary benefits. Work can give us a sense of achievement and success. Yet how much work is too much? This chapter will explore motives for working long hours, the associated work and well-being outcomes, as well as possible modifiers affecting the relationship between work hours and well-being. The importance of focusing on work hours is multifaceted. First, a large number of employees are unhappy about the number of hours they work (Jacobs and Gerson, 1998). Second, the amount of time demanded by work is an obvious and important way in which work affects other parts of one’s life (Dembe, 2005; Shields, 1999). Third, work hours are a widely studied structural output of employment. Fourth, the study of work hours and well-being outcomes has produced some inconsistent and complex results (Barnett, 1998). Because of technological advances and flexible work arrangements, it might be assumed that working time was getting progressively shorter. However, this is one trend that varies from country to country and even within countries by gender, occupation, race and time period (Figart and Golden, 1998). Beginning in the nineteenth century with the...

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