Table of Contents

Europe and Global Climate Change

Europe and Global Climate Change

Politics, Foreign Policy and Regional Cooperation

Edited by Paul G. Harris

The core objective of this book is to better understand the role of foreign policy – the crossovers and interactions between domestic and international politics and policies – in efforts to preserve the environment and natural resources. Underlying this objective is the belief that it is not enough to analyze domestic or international political actors, institutions and processes by themselves. We need to understand the interactions among them, something that explicit thought about foreign policy can help us do.

Chapter 13: Climate Change Policy and the Enlargement of the EU

Leonardo Massai

Subjects: environment, climate change, environmental politics and policy, environmental sociology, politics and public policy, environmental politics and policy, public policy


Leonardo Massai INTRODUCTION Since the early 1990s, the European Union (EU) has assumed a leading role in the international community’s efforts to mitigate global climate change (GCC) by curbing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. The most important enlargement in the history of the EU occurred on 1 May 2004 when 10 Central and Eastern European Countries (CEECs) joined the organization. These new member states are the Czech Republic, Cyprus, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland (see Chapter 5), Romania, Slovakia and Slovenia.1 The EU’s environmental foreign policy (EFP), along with many other EU policies, has been considerably affected by this development. The consequences of the enlargement for European EFP on global climate change are investigated in this chapter. The chapter begins with an analysis of the EU’s institutional structure for enlargement and their implications for European GCC policy. This is followed by a case study of the implications of enlargement for the EU’s Emission Allowance Trading Scheme (EATD). The chapter also shows how environmental and, above all, economic interests play a fundamental role in the definition of the EU’s GCC policy.2 The chapter builds on the systemic approach to EFP (see Barkdull and Harris 2002) to the extent that the international climate regime and requirements in the United Nations (UN) Framework Convention on Climate Change (FCCC) and in the Kyoto Protocol (which entered into force on 16 February 2005) have contributed to the development of an advanced European GCC strategy and policy. The procedure for the accession of the new...

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