Conflict, Institutional Change, and Development in the Era of Globalization
New Thinking in Political Economy series
Edited by Joachim Ahrens, Rolf Caspers and Janina Weingarth
Chapter 11: The Beginning of the End of the Western-dominated World Order? On the Dynamics of the Rise of China and India
* Dirk Messner 1. INTRODUCTION The relations between OECD and less developed countries (LDCs) are changing sustainably. For the fIrst time after the end of World War II, the economies of the LDCs have grown faster since the beginning of 1990 than those of the industrialized countries. However, further increasing trends of differentiation are hidden behind this catching-up process in the development regions. As opposed to the winners of globalization in Asia, particularly China and India, but also Vietnam and Thailand, broad parts of Africa do not succeed in reducing poverty, effectively containing conflicts, and developing economic and political stability. Latin America, as a middle-income region, comes under strong competitive pressure from the booming low-income countries in Asia, which know how to combine favorable cost structures and rapidly increasing labor productivitiy in labor-intensive as well as rather knowledge- and technology-based branches of industry. Hence, the world economy will continue to change deeply in the coming years. China, India and further parts of East Asia will become ever more important poles in the global economy, Sub-Saharan Africa will need to make huge progress in order to achieve contact with the dynamic segments of the world economy, and parts of Latin America could be increasingly pushed towards the periphery of the global division of labor. World politics is changing, too. China, India, Brazil, South Africa and other anchor countries have become important players in numerous global governance processes. China and India have even developed the potential to become key actors in world politics...
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