Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Innovation and Entrepreneurship

Successful Start-ups and Businesses in Emerging Economies

Edited by Ruta Aidis and Friederike Welter

Little is known about innovative and successful enterprises in the countries that, until 1990, were part of the Soviet Union. Most previous research has extensively covered barriers to entrepreneurship and innovation that exist in these countries, some of which undoubtedly represent a hostile and harsh environment for any entrepreneurial activity. In this book, a different perspective is introduced. The focus is shifted to the innovative potential that these environments provide, demonstrating how entrepreneurs have been able to convert possibilities in hostile business environments into successful businesses. Through this collection of six in-depth case studies, the authors illustrate how successful and innovative businesses were able to develop in countries such as Russia, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyztan, Moldova and Ukraine. Each case study presents an overview of the country’s key economic indicators and the role of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in the economy, followed by the presentation of a case study of a successful SME.

Chapter 2: Biocad: Innovation in the Russian Biotechnology Industry

Alexander I. Naumov, Alexander I. Naumov and Irena A. Petrovskaya

Subjects: business and management, entrepreneurship, organisational innovation, innovation and technology, organisational innovation


Alexander I. Naumov, Irina A. Petrovskaya and Sheila M. Puffer INTRODUCTION This chapter describes the creation and growth of Biocad, an innovative biotechnology company in Russia founded and headed by a forwardthinking and risk-taking banker, Dmitrii Morozov. Based on his vision and leadership, the company grew from distributing popular generic drugs for the Russian market to developing new medications that management hoped would compete in global markets. The company is a success story in the field of academic and scientific entrepreneurship, and demonstrates how scientific research can be moved from the ivory tower and applied to the commercialization of products in the competitive marketplace. Creating and growing the business was achieved despite a myriad of obstacles stemming from the legacy of the Soviet system and the chaotic environment of transition toward a market economy. These included difficulties in obtaining funding, implementing market-oriented business systems, hiring managers and motivating scientists to shift from a purely academic mindset to one of creating marketable products that would generate profits. On the positive side, the breakup of the Soviet Union and privatization of the economy provided a valuable opportunity to acquire a leading state-owned biological research institute at a very modest price. Staffed by a pool of talented scientists, the institute was an established resource base that had the potential to be transformed into a private company commercializing new drug discoveries. The following analysis of Biocad’s creation and development draws upon interviews conducted by the authors with the...

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