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Economic Integration, Democratization and National Security in East Asia

Economic Integration, Democratization and National Security in East Asia

Shifting Paradigms in US, China and Taiwan Relations

Edited by Peter C.Y. Chow

The US policy of supporting a democratic Taiwan while simultaneously engaging China is a delicate and complex balance, with outcomes critical to economic, security and strategic interests in Asia. At the same time, rising Taiwanese identity amid the emerging power of China continues to change the paradigm. The contributors to this volume explore the political and economic dimensions of this complicated and pressing issue.

Chapter 10: Taiwan’s FTA Bid: Process and Prospects from the Global IT Supply Chain Perspective

Merritt T. Cooke

Subjects: asian studies, asian economics, economics and finance, asian economics, politics and public policy, international politics, terrorism and security


Merritt T. Cooke PROCESS The US Government’s process for a bilateral FTA country-candidate’s consideration and approval, under the lead agency of the US Trade Representative (USTR), are well established. The basic outline of the process governing both the executive and legislative branches’ roles has been recently described by Ian F. Ferguson and Lenore M. Sek of the Congressional Research Service in their 19 January 2005 CRS Issue Brief for Congress: ‘Trade agreements are negotiated by the executive branch, although Congress has the ultimate Constitutional authority to regulate interstate and foreign commerce. Trade promotion authority (TPA) requires that the President consult with and advise Congress throughout the negotiating process. After the executive branch signs an agreement, Congress must pass implementing legislation to enact any statutory changes required under the agreement. There is no deadline for submission of the legislation, but once a bill is submitted, TPA requires a final vote within 90 legislative days. Under trade promotion authority (TPA) legislation passed in 2002 (Title XXI, P.L. 107–210), the President must notify Congress before starting negotiation of a trade agreement and before signing a completed agreement. TPA legislation applies to trade agreements entered into before June 1, 2005, with a possible twoyear extension. The 109th Congress may become involved in deciding whether or not to allow this extension. If the Administration meets the notification requirements, consults as required, and satisfies other conditions in the TPA legislation, the legislation calls on Congress to consider implementing legislation for a trade agreement...

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