Edited by Gordon E. Shockley, Peter M. Frank and Roger R. Stough
Chapter 1: Introduction: The Emerging Field of Non-market Entrepreneurship
1. Introduction: the emerging ﬁeld of non-market entrepreneurship Gordon E. Shockley, Peter M. Frank and Roger R. Stough PART 1. FOUNDATIONS OF NON-MARKET ENTREPRENEURSHIP Non-market Entrepreneurship: Interdisciplinary Approaches represents an initial contribution to building a theoretical ediﬁce within the ﬁeld of entrepreneurship research to encompass the myriad forms of non-market entrepreneurship, which we deﬁne as activity that still partakes of entrepreneurial activity (for example opportunity recognition, proactive action, and so on) but not undertaken solely for the purpose of proﬁt maximization or commercialization. As it matures from borrowed to its own terminology and methods (Cornelius, Landstrom and Persson, 2006, p. 376), general entrepreneurship research is one of the most exciting social scientiﬁc ﬁelds of inquiry with which to be associated nowadays because of its scope, promise and interdisciplinary demands. Non-market entrepreneurship indeed magniﬁes the excitement of general entrepreneurship research. Certain forms of non-market entrepreneurship have received more attention in the recent past, such as public sector and policy entrepreneurship. Other ﬁelds are presently in vogue, such as social entrepreneurship and (depending on the deﬁnition) social enterprise. And still others are just being recognized, many of which appear in these pages. Yet, while some attention has been given to the diﬀerent forms of non-market entrepreneurship, there has been no attempt to look at them synoptically as theoretically related and possibly comprising a coherent ﬁeld of research, that is to say, the ﬁeld of non-market entrepreneurship. And there has been no single academic discipline able...