Edited by Gordon E. Shockley, Peter M. Frank and Roger R. Stough
Roger R. Stough and Kingsley E. Haynes INTRODUCTION The notion of public sector entrepreneurship may initially seem to be an oxymoron. Entrepreneurship is associated with private sector economics and the singular pursuit of proﬁt (albeit pure proﬁt), whereas the public sector is motivated by various objectives other than proﬁt in the business meaning of the term. However, we argue herein that the attributes of entrepreneurship, though deﬁnitive from a private sector perspective, also oﬀer a meaningful construct for the public sector. In fact, entrepreneurial behavior already exists in the public sector. We discuss diﬀerent types of public sector entrepreneurship and derive a model of intrapreneurship in the public sector. We provide examples to articulate the role and practice of entrepreneurship in the public sector; we oﬀer initial guidelines for the formulation of a public sector training program for agencies and individual public oﬃcials. The chapter begins with a discussion of the deﬁnition of entrepreneurship, followed by an examination of the ways entrepreneurship has found expression in the public sector. We conclude from this discussion that existing approaches lack a conceptual framework to guide the application of entrepreneurship to public sector operations. It is then argued that the private sector concept of intrapreneurship provides one possible conceptual framework for the study and practice of public sector entrepreneurship. An analysis of this concept follows with an assessment of its applicability to the public sector. It is concluded that this is a useful way...
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